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TRIIAL CASE
Italy, Tribunal of Milan, FR v. Ministero dell’Interno, ordinary instance, 9/5/2018
Deciding court: Tribunal of Milan
Topic: Impartiality (Conflict of Interest)Rule of law (Fair Trial/ Access to Justice)
National Follow Up Of (when relevant): The national case is a direct follow up of the CJEU order of 27 September 2018
ECtHR jurisprudence: Article 3 ECHRArticle 6 ECHRArticle 13 ECHRECtHR judgments:Gebremedhin v. France of 26 April 2007Hirsi Jamaa v. Italy of 23 February 2012Krombach v. France of 13 February 2001Annoni v. France of 14 November 2000
TRIIAL CASE
Italy, Supreme Court of Cassation, civil section, united sections, no. 9042/2019, supreme instance, 1/4/2019
Deciding court: Supreme Court of Cassation
Topic: Impartiality (conflict of interest);Independence (appearance of independence)
National Follow Up Of (when relevant): Not a direct follow-up
ECtHR jurisprudence: Art. 6 ECHR
TRIIAL CASE

Hungary, European Court of Human Rights, Miracle Europe Kft v. Hungary, no. 57774/13, Judgment of 12 January 2016

Deciding court: European Court of Human Rights
Topic: Independence and impartiality
National Follow Up Of (when relevant):
ECtHR jurisprudence:
TRIIAL CASE

Hungary, Supreme Court, Pfv.IV.20.118/2016/ 6. (judicial secondment), supreme court, 12 May 2016

Deciding court: Curia (Supreme Court)
Topic: Independence and impartiality
National Follow Up Of (when relevant): No
ECtHR jurisprudence: Miracle Europe Kft v. Hungary application no. 57774/13, Judgment of 12 January 2016: http:// hudoc.echr.coe.int/ eng?i=001-159926 
TRIIAL CASE

Belgium, Constitutional Court, Decision of 7th July 2011

Deciding court: Constitutional Court
Topic: The parties to a dispute in which the legality of an appointment as a state councilor is at issue must submit that dispute to a court of law (Le Conseil d‘Etat) whose members have already been involved in a nomination that is an integral part of the appointment procedure – question of objective impartiality.
National Follow Up Of (when relevant): No violation so not applicable 
ECtHR jurisprudence: ECtHR, 26 February 1993, Padovani v. Italy, § 27ECtHR, 1 October 1982, Piersack v. Belgium, § 30; 24 May 1989, Hauschildt v. Denmark, §§ 46 and 48; December 16, 2003, Grieves v. United Kingdom, § 69; ECtHR, 6 June 2000, Morel v. France, § 42; 24 June 2010, Mancel and Branquart v. France, § 34; ECtHR, 21 December 2000, Wettstein v. Switzerland, § 44; ECtHR, 28 September 1995, Procola v. Luxembourg ; large chamber, 6 May 2003, Kleyn eat Netherlands; 9 November 2006, Sacilor Lormines v. France.
TRIIAL CASE

Slovenia, Constitutional Court, Up-455/15, constitutional, 24 January 2019, ECLI:SI:USRS:2019:Up.455.15

Deciding court: Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia
Topic: Trust (limits in the dissatisfaction towards the judiciary, public confidence and authority of the judiciary) Freedom of expression of attorneys Impartiality (personal bias towards the party in the proceedings) Independence (professional ethics of the bar)
National Follow Up Of (when relevant):
ECtHR jurisprudence: Oberschlick v. Austria, [GC] app. no. 11662/85, 23 May 1991 Animal Defenders International v. The United Kingdom, [GC] app. no. 48876/08, 22 April 2013, para. 100.   Uj v. Hunagary, app. no. 23954/10, 19 July 2011  Skałka v. Poland, app. no. 43425/98, 27 May 2003 Mamère v. France, app. no. 12697/03, 7 November 2006 Nikula v. Finland, app. no. 31611/96, 21 June 2002 Morice v. France, [GC] app. no. 29369/10, 23 April 2015 July and SARL Libération v. France, app. no. 20893/03, 14 February 2008 Kyprianou v. Cyprus, app. no. 73797/01, 15 December 2005 Čeferin v. Slovenia, app. no. 40975/08, 16 January 2018 Radobuljac v. Croatia, app. no. 51000/11, 28 June 2016
TRIIAL CASE

Poland, Lex super Omnia Association, resolution 19 December 2019

Deciding court:  “Lex Super Omnia” Association of Prosecutors
Topic: Impartiality
National Follow Up Of (when relevant):
ECtHR jurisprudence:
TRIIAL CASE

Slovenia, Administrative Court, III U 207/2013, ordinary, 13 September 2013, ECLI:SI:UPRS:2013:III.U.207.2013

Deciding court: Administrative Court of Republic of Slovenia
Topic: Trust: Freedom of association of judges and prosecutors Independence: Appearance of independence (measures)/Substantive independence Impartiality: Conflict of interest Individual judges’ liability
National Follow Up Of (when relevant):
ECtHR jurisprudence:
TRIIAL CASE

Slovenia, Constitutional Court, U-I-42/12-15, constitutional, 7 February 2013, ECLI:SI:USRS:2013:U.I.42.12

Deciding court: The Constitutional Court of Republic of Slovenia
Topic: Rule of law: Prevention of abuse of powers Impartiality: Autonomy and control of the prosecution services
National Follow Up Of (when relevant):
ECtHR jurisprudence:
TRIIAL CASE

Slovenia, Constitutional Court, Up-709/15-29, Up-710/15-34, constitutional, 9 October 2019, ECLI:SI:USRS:2019:Up.709.15

Deciding court: Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia
Topic: Accountability (individual judges’ liability), impartiality (corruption), rule of law (fight against serious crime)
National Follow Up Of (when relevant):
ECtHR jurisprudence: Figueiredo Teixeira v. Andorra, app. no. 72384/14, 8 November 2016 Ben Faiza v. France, app. no. 31446/12, 8 February 2018 Benedik v. Slovenia, app. no. 62357/14, 24 April 2018
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