The TRust, Independence, Impartiality and Accountability of judges and arbitrators safeguarding the rule of Law under the EU Charter (TRIIAL) project is a DG Justice supported project that provides training activities and tools for judges, lawyers, arbitrators and other legal professionals in areas of salient importance for the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (CFR):





TRIIAL project main objective is to explain and disseminate knowledge of the EU Charter potential for ensuring and improving
standards on independence, impartiality and accountability of judges and other legal professions, ultimately benefiting the rule of law in the Member States.

It will run from 1.01.2020 until 30.06.2022, and will organise 4 transnational workshops, 7 Cross-border and 5 National training workshops.

The TRIIAL Project proposal comes at the time of constitutional turmoil in many Member States and aims at assisting in the response of the present constitutional crisis. It addresses the priority of supporting judicial trainings of justice professionals with the aim of building public trust in the profession of judges to sustain their position.

The following specific objectives are at the heart of the project:
1) raising awareness about the impact that judicial interaction techniques have in the implementation of the fundamental rights’ legal framework, particularly CFR; 
2) improving the ability of legal practitioners to promote rule of law through the application of the EU fundamental legal framework to their everyday work;
3) fostering national cross-sectoral cooperation in the implementation of EU fundamental rights legal framework in the promotion of the rule of law;
4) building trust, legitimacy, dialogue, accountability of the judiciary and arbitrators.

In the framework of selected case-law, it’s possible to access to the CJC Database, which contains cases originating from over 19 jurisdictions.

Upcoming Events

Judging Judges: Judicial Accountability Standards under EU Law @ ONLINE
Mar 18 @ 4:00 pm – 5:45 pm

The Centre for Judicial Cooperation invites you to:

Judging Judges: Judicial Accountability Standards under EU Law


Raluca Bercea | National Association of the Romanian Bars

Mariavittoria Catanzariti | Centre for Judicial Cooperation

Rita de Brito Giao Hanek | Lisbon Centre for Research in Public Law (CIDP)

Jaroslaw Gwizdak | Institute for Law and Society (INPRIS)

Gabor Halmai | European University Institute

Madalina Moraru | Centre for Judicial Cooperation

Thursday 18 March 2021

16.00 – 17.45 (CET) on Zoom

This is the third webinar that is organised within the framework of the  project TRIIAL – TRust, Independence, Impartiality and Accountability of legal  practitioners safeguarding the rule of Law under the  EU  Charter. The TRIIAL project, which was funded by the European Union’s Justice Programme (2014-2020), under G.A. no 853832, provides freely accessible training activities and tools for judges, lawyers, prosecutors, and arbitrators on the European rule of law, mutual trust, judicial independence, impartiality and accountability. This event is dedicated to discussing recent case law from the CJEU and the ECtHR on judicial accountability standards, the challenges faced by national courts on applying these standards, and whether and how judicial interactions can assist the enforcement of the rule of law in Europe. The first speaker will discuss the scope and limits of the freedom of speech of judges through the lens of ECtHR case law. The second speaker, a former civil judge will address the challenges faced by Polish courts in ensuring the respect of CJEU standards on disciplinary sanctions against the judiciary in Poland.  The third presentation will focus on defamation lawsuits brought by judges and respective ECtHR case law against Portugal for violation of freedom of expression. The final presentation will look at the future and consider two pending preliminary rulings sent by Romanian courts concerning disciplinary sanctions and civil liability of judges adopted in the context of controversial reforms of the Romanian judicial system: what role can the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) established at the time of Romania’s accession to the European Union play in the fight for justice and rule of law? Moreover, which ECtHR caselaw should inspire the CJEU in the currently pending cases on the Romanian justice system reform. The speakers will present the key aspects of these cases and the reasoning developed, and will then reflect on the implications of these decisions with scholars and practitioners from the institutions involved the TRIIAL project. For more information about the Centre for Judicial Cooperation and the TRIIAL Project as well as past TRIIAL webinars, follow this link: The ZOOM link to the Webinar will be provided following registration here Download the programme


This online debate inaugurates a series of 3 webinars organized within the framework of the project TRIIAL – TRust, Independence, Impartiality and Accountability of legal practitioners safeguarding the rule of Law under the EU Charter.
TRIIAL Webinar: Is there a common standard of independence and impartiality for judges and arbitrators under European law?


Halmai, Gabor

TRIIAL Project Coordinator

Tel. [+39] 055 4686 401 (Int. 3401)

Fax [+39] 055 4685 200 (Int. 2200)

Office: Villa Salviati - Manica, SAMN251

Fields of interest: Comparative constitutional law / International human rights law / Globalization of constitutionalism / Constitutional-making in democratic transitions / Comparative judicial review / Transitional constitutionalism and transitional justice / Religious rights / Freedom of expression

Administrative Assistant: Andrea Gaiba

Catanzariti, Mariavittoria

Research Associate

Tel. [+39] 055 4685 534 (Int. 2534)

Fax [+39] 055 4685 770 (Int. 2770)

Office: Villa Raimondi, VR049

Moraru, Madalina

Research Fellow

Fields of interest:

  • The law and policies of EU external relations
  • Fundamental rights
  • Judicial cooperation and treatment of asylum seekers and refugees
  • Public international and comparative law

Wielgo, Joanna

Project Manager

Tel. [+39] 055 4685 708

Fax [+39] 055 4685 770

Office: Villa Schifanoia, VS028


This project was funded by the European Union’s Justice Programme (2014-2020).