TRIIAL


The TRust, Independence, Impartiality and Accountability of judges and arbitrators safeguarding the rule of Law under the EU Charter (TRIIAL) project is a DG Justice supported project that provides training activities and tools for judges, lawyers, arbitrators and other legal professionals in areas of salient importance for the application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (CFR):

Trust

Independence

Impartiality

Accountability

TRIIAL project main objective is to explain and disseminate knowledge of the EU Charter potential for ensuring and improving
standards on independence, impartiality and accountability of judges and other legal professions, ultimately benefiting the rule of law in the Member States.

It will run from 1.01.2020 until 30.06.2022, and will organise 4 transnational workshops, 7 Cross-border and 5 National training workshops.

The TRIIAL Project proposal comes at the time of constitutional turmoil in many Member States and aims at assisting in the response of the present constitutional crisis. It addresses the priority of supporting judicial trainings of justice professionals with the aim of building public trust in the profession of judges to sustain their position.

The following specific objectives are at the heart of the project:
1) raising awareness about the impact that judicial interaction techniques have in the implementation of the fundamental rights’ legal framework, particularly CFR; 
2) improving the ability of legal practitioners to promote rule of law through the application of the EU fundamental legal framework to their everyday work;
3) fostering national cross-sectoral cooperation in the implementation of EU fundamental rights legal framework in the promotion of the rule of law;
4) building trust, legitimacy, dialogue, accountability of the judiciary and arbitrators.

In the framework of selected case-law, it’s possible to access to the CJC Database, which contains cases originating from over 19 jurisdictions.

Upcoming Events

May
27
Thu
2021
Rule of Law Challenges to Mutual Trust and Judicial Cooperation under the European Arrest Warrant Mechanism – Call for Participants @ ONLINE
May 27 @ 2:30 pm – May 28 @ 5:30 pm
ONLINE TRANSNATIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOP FOR JUDGES, PROSECUTORS AND LAWYERS Framework The training is offered within the European Commission’s funded project TRIIALTRust, Independence, Impartiality and Accountability of judges and arbitrators safeguarding the rule of Law under the EU Charter (Horizon 2020, project no. 853832, JUST-JTRA-EJTR-AG-2018). The TRIIAL Project provides training activities and tools for judges, lawyers, prosecutors, and arbitrators on the European rule of law, mutual trust, judicial independence, impartiality and accountability. Background Pursuant to Article 2 of the Treaty on the European Union (TEU), the Union is founded on a set of values, including the rule of law. The Union is based “on the fundamental premiss that each Member State shares with all the other Member States, and recognises that they share with it, the values under Article 2 TEU” (Court of Justice, Opinion 2/13, point 168). In turn, “this premiss implies and justifies the existence of mutual trust between the Member States” (ibid.). The scrupulous observance of the Article 2 TEU’s values is thus a precondition for the correct functioning of EU law instruments based on horizontal cooperation between judicial authorities across the Member States. Respect for the rule of law requires that national judicial authorities can ensure, in cases pending before them, an effective judicial protection to the individuals concerned, in line with Article 47 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (EU CFR). Since its judgment known as LM or Celmer (Case C-216/18, Minister for Justice and Equality), the Court of Justice acknowledged that the national court requested to execute a European Arrest Warrant (EAW) coming from a Member State where there are rule of law problems may be under a duty to refuse such an execution. However, before coming to this conclusion, that same court may be under a duty to cooperate with the judicial authority issuing the warrant, in order to establish whether the person requested runs a real risk of violation of Article 47 EU CFR. In other words, the decision to suspend judicial cooperation still implies a phase in which judicial cooperation must take place. The importance of such an individual assessment has been recently re-affirmed by the Court of Justice in its judgement L and P (Case C-354/20 PPU, Openbaar Ministerie). Provisional agenda The training will consist of two afternoon sessions (2.30 pm – 5.30 pm, CET), on 27 and 28 May. It will host a combination of short lectures, followed by Q&A/debate sessions, and a group-exercise on a hypothetical case. The following topics will be addressed by guest speakers:
  • The evolution of the Court of Justice’s case law
  • The implementation of the Court of Justice’s case law at the national level
  • The role of the ECHR and the Strasbourg Court
  • End of mutual trust? Judicial cooperation with the UK and Northern Ireland after Brexit
The group-exercise will focus on application of the LM test before national courts, with special attention on the burden of proof and the instruments of horizontal and vertical cooperation available. In order to promote active engagement, participants will be divided in small-groups, hosted in different online rooms, and will discuss the proposed case together with facilitators from the TRIIAL project team. Methodology You will learn through:
    • a 2-half day online workshop, including lectures and discussion sessions on the most relevant European and national case law, and small group works on case studies;
    • preparatory materials distributed to registered participants in advance of the training. Notably, you will be provided access to the TRIIAL online training platform, which includes a background module on the European rule of law and the mechanisms for its enforcement, a dedicated module on the rule of law challenges to judicial cooperation under the EAW mechanism, and a data-base gathering a selection of the most relevant European and national case law (each decision is elaborated into case sheet in English).
Who should attend Judges, public prosecutors and lawyers. There will be 30 participants. The participation is free of charge. Participants will be provided with certificates of participation.
What you can expect after the completion of the training
  • You will be able to understand and explain the main legal issues relating to the European rule of law (the training’s “core”);
  • You will be able to identify the standard of effective judicial protection under Article47 EU CFR and the role of the ECHR and the case law of the Strasbourg Court to determine it;
  • You will become familiar with the procedural steps through which the existence of a duty to pursue or suspend horizontal judicial cooperation exists;
  • You will become familiar with the allocation of the burden of proof in cases concerning the implications of rule of law problems on mutual trust, as well as understand how that burden can be satisfied;
  • You will be able to establish whether the solution of the pending case requires the involvement of the Court of Justice through the reference for preliminary ruling;
  • You will be able to find cases decided by the Court of Justice or national courts which can help you solving the pending case or supporting your legal arguments;
  • You will understand how to implement the relevant case law of the Court of Justice in your case;
  • You will acquire the ability to relate the knowledge acquired to the cases you are dealing with in your legal practice;
  • You will be able to create and design new arguments in order to convincingly plead your case where issues concerning mutual trust and the rule of law arise;
  • You will become part of a network of legal practitioners and scholars dealing with similar issues that could provide support for future questions.
Selection Process The workshop is open to 30 legal practitioners (judges, public prosecutors, lawyers) from any EU country. Applicants are invited to submit their application, in accordance with the requirements as specified below, by 9th of April 2021 to alessandra.favi@unifi.it (cc: nicole.lazzerini@unifi.it). Judges from Belgium and Italy and lawyers from Romania are kindly asked to send their applications, by the same deadline, to their reference institutions. For Belgium, the contact person is: Ümit Oral from the Judicial Training Institute (IFG/IGO), email address: Umit.Oral@igo-ifj.be For Italy, the email address for submitting application is internazionale@scuolamagistratura.it contact person: Gianluca Grasso from the Italian School for the Magistracy (SSM) For Romania, the contact for lawyers is Veronica Morecut from National Association of the Romanian Bars (UNBR), email address: veronica.morecut@unbr.ro or raluca.bercea@e-uvt.ro Application requirements
  1. A full CV in English;
  2. A brief motivation letter in English explaining the candidate’s reasons of applying, how he or she would benefit from and contribute to the project. This letter should not merely restate the candidate’s CV.
Applicants will be notified about the result of the selection process by 19th of April 2021.   Selection criteria The selection process aims to identify participants who will effectively and substantially contribute to dissemination of project results. Thus, candidates are expected to have: 1. An excellent knowledge of English language; 2. A general knowledge of and experience in the topic of the workshop. The selection will ensure the following criteria:
  1. Single participation principle: applicants that already took part to TRIIAL training activitiescannot be selected. Exceptions are at the discretion of the University of Florence, in agreement with the Project Coordinator, the Centre of Judicial Cooperation of the European University Institute;
  2. Gender balance;
  3. Age balance;
  4. Geographical representation: Geographical distribution will be taken into account, with theaim of selecting participants who work in different areas and regions within the participating countries.
Participants are asked to devote the necessary time to this project. If selected, participants must commit to commit to all sessions of the workshop for which they have been selected. They are also asked to prepare for the Workshops by reading the relevant materials in advance. Applicants are not required to have participated in similar training programmes before, nor will recent participation in similar training programmes necessarily prevent them from being accepted. The selected candidates are expected to acquire awareness from the distributed materials, as well as to be ready to commit to the active participation in the workshop and its follow-up activities. Contact person for general information For any information on the workshops, or doubts concerning the call for application, please address the person in charge for the TRIIAL Project in the University of Florence: nicole.lazzerini@unifi.it.
Jun
3
Thu
2021
Rule of Law Challenges to Judicial Cooperation in the Field of European Asylum Law – Call for Participants @ ONLINE
Jun 3 @ 2:30 pm – Jun 4 @ 5:30 pm

ONLINE TRANSNATIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOP FOR JUDGES, PROSECUTORS AND LAWYERS

Framework
The training is offered within the European Commission’s funded project TRIIAL – TRust, Independence, Impartiality and Accountability of judges and arbitrators safeguarding the rule of Law under the EU Charter (Horizon 2020, project no. 853832, JUST-JTRA-EJTR-AG-2018). The TRIIAL Project provides training activities and tools for judges, lawyers, prosecutors, and arbitrators on the European rule of law, mutual trust, judicial independence, impartiality and accountability.

Background
Pursuant to Article 2 of the Treaty on the European Union (TEU), the Union is founded on a set of values, including the rule of law. The Union is based “on the fundamental premiss that each Member State shares with all the other Member States, and recognises that they share with it, the values under Article 2 TEU” (Court of Justice, Opinion 2/13, point 168). In turn, “this premiss implies and justifies the existence of mutual trust between the Member States” (ibid.). The scrupulous observance of the Article 2 TEU’s values is thus a precondition for the correct functioning of EU law instruments based on horizontal cooperation between judicial authorities across the Member States.

Respect for the rule of law requires that national judicial authorities can ensure, in cases pending before them, an effective judicial protection to the individuals concerned, in line with Article 47 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (EU CFR). Since its judgment known as LM or Celmer (Case C-216/18, Minister for Justice and Equality), the Court of Justice acknowledged that the national court requested to execute a European Arrest Warrant (EAW) coming from a Member State where there are rule of law problems may be under a duty to refuse such an execution. Whilst the Court of Justice has inaugurated this approach with respect to the EAW mechanism, it can be extended also to other EU law instruments entailing horizontal judicial cooperation in the Area of Freedom Security and Justice. Notably, judicial cooperation under the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) constitutes another field where mutual trust and respect for the rule of law are cornerstones. Since its judgement in N.S. (Joined cases C-411/10 and C-493/10), the Court of Justice acknowledged that the presumption whereby the Member States comply with EU fundamental rights, which allows horizontal cooperation within the CEAS, is not an absolute one.

Under certain circumstances, which it is up to the national authorities to ascertain, cooperation within the asylum system can be suspended. The Court of Justice has then developed this approach in the following case law (see, notably, the judgements in CK, Case C-578/16 PPU; Jawo, Case C-163/17; Ibrahim, Case C- 310/08).

Interestingly, asylum and criminal judicial cooperation have informed each other on the standards for the application of mutual recognition. However, some divergences exist, in particular as regards the burden of proof requested to the person subject to a transfer under the Dublin Regulation and, consequently, the role of national authorities in assessing the relevant elements in order to suspend horizontal cooperation between Member States.

Provisional agenda
The training will consist of two afternoon sessions (2.30 pm – 5.30 pm, CET), on 3 and 4 June. It will host a combination of short lectures, followed by Q&A/debate sessions, and a group-exercise on a hypothetical case.

The following topics will be addressed by guest speakers:

  • The evolution of the Court of Justice’s case law
  • The implementation of the Court of Justice’s case law at the national level
  • The role of the ECHR and the Strasbourg Court
  • End of mutual trust? Judicial cooperation with the UK and Northern Ireland after Brexit

The group-exercise will focus on the application of the NS test before national courts, in situations where the Member State competent to address the request of asylum is experiencing rule of law challenges. Special attention will be devoted to the issue of the burden of proof and to the instruments of horizontal and vertical cooperation available. In order to promote active engagement, participants will be divided in small-groups, hosted in different online rooms, and will discuss the proposed case together with facilitators from the TRIIAL project team.

Methodology
You will learn through:

  • a 2-half day online workshop, including lectures and discussion sessions on the most relevant European and national case law, and small group works on case studies;
  • preparatory materials distributed to registered participants in advance of the training. Notably, you will be provided access to the TRIIAL online training platform, which includes a background module on the European rule of law and the mechanisms for its enforcement, a dedicated module on the rule of law challenges to judicial cooperation in the field of EU asylum law, and a data-base gathering a selection of the most relevant European and national case law (each decision is elaborated into case sheet in English).

Who should attend
Judges, public prosecutors and lawyers.
There will be 30 participants.
The participation is free of charge. Participants will be provided with certificates of participation.

What you can expect after the completion of the training

  • You will be able to understand and explain the main legal issues relating to the European rule of law (the training’s “core”);
  • You will be able to identify the standard of effective judicial protection under Article 47 EU CFR and the role of the ECHR and the case law of the Strasbourg Court to determine it;
  • You will become familiar with the procedural steps through which the existence of a duty to pursue or suspend horizontal judicial cooperation exists;
  • You will become familiar with the allocation of the burden of proof in cases concerning the implications of rule of law problems on mutual trust, as well as understand how that burden can be satisfied;
  • You will be able to establish whether the solution of the pending case requires the involvement of the Court of Justice through the reference for preliminary ruling;
  • You will be able to find cases decided by the Court of Justice or national courts which can help you solving the pending case or supporting your legal arguments;
  • You will understand how to implement the relevant case law of the Court of Justice in your case;
  • You will acquire the ability to relate the knowledge acquired to the cases you are dealing with in your legal practice;
  • You will be able to create and design new arguments in order to convincingly plead your case where issues concerning mutual trust and the rule of law arise;
  • You will become part of a network of legal practitioners and scholars dealing with similar issues that could provide support for future questions.

Selection Process
The workshop is open to 30 legal practitioners (judges, public prosecutors, lawyers) from any EU country.

Applicants are invited to submit their application, in accordance with the requirements as specified below, by 9th of April 2021 to alessandra.favi@unifi.it (cc: nicole.lazzerini@unifi.it).

Judges from Italy and lawyers from Romania are kindly asked to send their applications, by the same deadline, to their reference institutions.

For Italy, the email address for submitting application is internazionale@scuolamagistratura.it contact person: Gianluca Grasso from the Italian School for the Magistracy (SSM)

For Romania, the contact for lawyers is Veronica Morecut from National Association of the Romanian Bars (UNBR), email address: veronica.morecut@unbr.ro or raluca.bercea@e-uvt.ro

Application requirements

  1. A full CV in English;
  2. A brief motivation letter in English explaining the candidate’s reasons of applying, how he or she would benefit from and contribute to the project. This letter should not merely restate the candidate’s CV.

Applicants will be notified about the result of the selection process by 19th of April 2021.

Selection criteria
The selection process aims to identify participants who will effectively and substantially contribute to dissemination of project results.

Thus, candidates are expected to have:
1. An excellent knowledge of English language;
2. A general knowledge of and experience in the topic of the workshop.

The selection will ensure the following criteria:

  1. Single participation principle: applicants that already took part to TRIIAL training activitiescannot be selected. Exceptions are at the discretion of the University of Florence, in agreement with the Project Coordinator, the Centre of Judicial Cooperation of the European University Institute;
  2. Gender balance;
  3. Age balance;
  4. Geographical representation: Geographical distribution will be taken into account, with the aim of selecting participants who work in different areas and regions within the participating countries.

Participants are asked to devote the necessary time to this project. If selected, participants must commit to commit to all sessions of the workshop for which they have been selected. They are also asked to prepare for the Workshops by reading the relevant materials in advance.
Applicants are not required to have participated in similar training programmes before, nor will recent participation in similar training programmes necessarily prevent them from being accepted. The selected candidates are expected to acquire awareness from the distributed materials, as well as to be ready to commit to the active participation in the workshop and its follow-up activities.

Contact person for general information
For any information on the workshops, or doubts concerning the call for application, please address the person in charge for the TRIIAL Project in the University of Florence: nicole.lazzerini@unifi.it.

Jun
17
Thu
2021
Call for participants and agenda – Accountability and Freedom of Expression of Magistrates and Attorneys in Europe @ ONLINE
Jun 17 @ 1:45 pm – Jun 18 @ 5:30 pm

What is the transnational training about?

This Transnational Training Workshop will discuss why accountability is important for ensuring the rule of law and how it can be ensured while preserving the freedom of expression of magistrates, as well as their independence and impartiality. Justice reforms in several Member States have also impacted on the system of disciplinary, civil and criminal liability of magistrates, raising issues of disguised external political pressures on the magistrates. While disciplinary actions should serve to strengthen the rule of law, they can also be used
to break it. The Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights have increasingly dealt with questions regarding the compatibility of domestic accountability systems with provisions in the EU Treaties, EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights (e.g. C-564/19, C-585/18, C-624/18, and C-625/18, C‐83/19, C‐127/19 and C‐195/19, C‐355/19; Baka v Hungary, L.P and Carvalho v Portugal), and several other cases are pending before these Courts on the compatibility of magistrates’ accountability mechanisms with European principles of judicial independence. This workshop looks at the most recent European standards on de iure and de facto accountability of legal professions (in particular, judges, prosecutors and attorneys), and freedom of expression as resulting from: the case law of the European Court of Justice of the EU and the European Court of Human Rights; European primary and secondary law; and Council of Europe instruments.

The following issues will be addressed during the training, in light of the most recent practice from the EU Member States: evaluation, promotion, and removal of magistrates; disciplinary, civil and criminal actions against judges and prosecutors; freedom of expression of magistrates, including the freedom of judges of interacting with the Court of Justice of the EU under Article 267 TFEU, and freely expressing their views on the CJEU preliminary rulings; challenges faced by domestic courts, prosecutors and attorneys in ensuring the respect of CJEU standards on disciplinary, civil and criminal sanctions against magistrates; standards necessary to ensure that accountability mechanisms fulfill both responsibility and public trust, without endangering independence and impartiality.

TRIIAL project is co-funded by the European Commission Directorate General for Justice and Consumers, Grant Agreement No. 853832.

The Transnational Training Workshop aims to support judges, attorneys and prosecutors to foster cooperation by providing knowledge on the substantive and procedural tools on accountability, independence and impartiality as offered by the overlapping EU and Council of Europe based standards.

The training is offered within the European Commission’s funded project TRIIAL – TRust, Independence, Impartiality and Accountability of judges and arbitrators safeguarding the rule of Law under the EU Charter (Horizon 2020, project no. 853832, JUST-JTRA-EJTR-AG-2018). The TRIIAL Project provides training activities and tools for judges, lawyers, prosecutors, and arbitrators on the European rule of law, mutual trust, judicial independence, impartiality and accountability (see the dedicated website here).

Download the programme

Who should apply:

Judges; attorneys; and prosecutors; preference will be given to those who also fulfill the role of trainer at national training institutions for prosecutors, judges or attorneys.

There will be 30 participants. Participation is free of charge. Participants will receive certificates of participation.

Selection process:

Applicants are invited to submit their applications in accordance with the requirements as specified below by 17th of May 2021 to cjc@eui.eu

Judges from Belgium and Italy and lawyers from Romania are kindly asked to send their applications, by the same deadline, to their reference institutions.

For Belgium, judges are invited to submit their applications: Umit.Oral@igo-ifj.be. The title of your email should be ‘Application to the EUI transnational training workshop’.

For Italy, judges are invited to submit their applications to: internazionale@scuolamagistratura.it. For questions, the contact person is: Gianluca Grasso at: gianluca.grasso@giustizia.it.

For Romania, attorneys are invited to submit their applications to : veronica.morecut@unbr.ro. For questions, please contact Prof. Raluca Bercea at: raluca.bercea@e-uvt.ro.

Application requirements:

  1. A full CV in English;
  2. A brief motivation letter in English explaining the candidate’s reasons for applying, howthey would benefit from and contribute to the project. This letter should not merely restate the candidate’s CV.

Applicants will be notified about the result of the selection process by 19th of May 2021.

Selection Criteria:

The selection process aims to identify participants who will effectively and substantially contribute to dissemination of project results.

Thus, candidates are expected to have:

1. An excellent knowledge of the English language.
2. A general knowledge of and experience in the topic of the workshop.

The selection will take into consideration the following criteria:

  1. Single participation principle: no participant can take part in more than one Workshop. Exceptions can be made in duly justified cases.
  2. Inter-disciplinary representativity: the selection will ensure, as much as possible, equal representation of legal practitioners working on civil, criminal and administrative cases.
  3. Previous experience with legal training or teaching.
  4. Gender balance.
  5. Age balance.
  6. Geographical representation: Geographical distribution shall be taken into account, with the aim of selecting participants who work in different areas and regions within the participating countries.

Participants are asked to devote the necessary time to this project. If selected, participants must commit to all sessions of the workshop for which they have been selected. They are also asked to prepare for the Workshops by reading the relevant materials in advance.

Applicants are not required to have participated in similar training programmes before, nor will recent participation in similar training programmes necessarily prevent them from being accepted.

The selected candidates are expected to acquire awareness from the distributed materials, as well as to be ready to commit to the active participation in the workshop.

Methodology:

During the online training you will learn through: short lectures, discussion sessions (including brainstorming, guided debates and small working groups) and problem-solving sessions (case studies and hypotheticals). In advance of the training you will receive preparatory training materials. Notably, you will be provided access to the TRIIAL online training platform, which includes a background module on the European rule of law and the mechanisms for its enforcement, a dedicated module on accountability and freedom of expression of the magistrates in Europe, and a database gathering a selection of the most relevant European and national case law, summarised in English (see CJC database).

What you can expect after the completion of the training:
At the end of the training you will be issued a certificate of participation that attests your familiarity with the topics discussed during the training, such as:

  1. Disciplinary, civil and criminal liability of judges;
  2. Removability of judges and prosecutors from office;
  3. Evaluation of performance of judges and prosecutors;
  4. Conflict of interest and individual magistrates’ responsibility;
  5. Councils of the Judiciary/Courts’ Presidents and Chief Prosecutors’ Role/Spokespersons/Communication with the public;
  6. Institutional communication with other branches of power, academics and legal professionals;
  7. The use of media by magistrates;
  8. Collection and processing of personal data by the Judiciary;
  9. Judicial interaction techniques.

Furthermore, you will be able to:

  1. develop and use a common training methodology, by sharing perceptions of challenges related to independence, impartiality and accountability as well existing best practices across Member States;
  2. acquire: (i) the commonly accepted substantive components of independence, impartiality and accountability of legal professionals in general and the judicial profession in particular; (ii) the substantive and procedural safeguards available within the EU law both to judges of affected Member States as well as to judges from other Member States;
  3. use the innovative strands of the CJEU’s case law;
  4. foster and enhance informal networks of professionals sharing a common understanding of EU law and fundamental rights protection standards;
  5. gain knowledge of objective criteria aimed at assessing judicial independence, impartiality and accountability.

Contact person for general information

For additional information on the transnational training, or questions concerning the call for applications, you can contact: madalina.moraru@eui.eu


Webinar

This online debate inaugurates a series of 3 webinars organized within the framework of the project TRIIAL – TRust, Independence, Impartiality and Accountability of legal practitioners safeguarding the rule of Law under the EU Charter.
TRIIAL Webinar: Is there a common standard of independence and impartiality for judges and arbitrators under European law?
This webinar discusses recent case law from the CJEU and the ECtHR on judicial accountability and freedom of expression standards, the challenges faced by national courts on applying these standards, and whether and how judicial interactions can assist the enforcement of the rule of law in Europe.



People

Halmai, Gabor

TRIIAL Project Coordinator

Tel. [+39] 055 4686 401 (Int. 3401)

Fax [+39] 055 4685 200 (Int. 2200)

Office: Villa Salviati - Manica, SAMN251

Fields of interest: Comparative constitutional law / International human rights law / Globalization of constitutionalism / Constitutional-making in democratic transitions / Comparative judicial review / Transitional constitutionalism and transitional justice / Religious rights / Freedom of expression

Administrative Assistant: Andrea Gaiba

Catanzariti, Mariavittoria

Research Associate

Tel. [+39] 055 4685 534 (Int. 2534)

Fax [+39] 055 4685 770 (Int. 2770)

Office: Villa Raimondi, VR049

Moraru, Madalina

Research Fellow

Fields of interest:

  • The law and policies of EU external relations
  • Fundamental rights
  • Judicial cooperation and treatment of asylum seekers and refugees
  • Public international and comparative law

Wielgo, Joanna

Project Manager

Tel. [+39] 055 4685 708

Fax [+39] 055 4685 770

Office: Villa Schifanoia, VS028

Partners

This project was funded by the European Union’s Justice Programme (2014-2020).